FFmpeg Cheatsheet

FFmpeg Cheatsheet

October 9, 2020
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FFmpeg is a complete, cross-platform solution to record, convert and stream audio and video.

Frequent Options:

-i # specify input file
-y # override output file with same name
-protocol_whitelist file,http,https,tcp,tls # access allowed protocols
-loglevel panic # log filter, panic/error/info
-stats # show stats data

-codec copy # keep origin codec
-vcodec copy # keep origin video codec
-vcodec libx264 # specify video codec
-acodec copy # keep origin audio codec
-acodec libfaac # specify audio codec

-max_muxing_queue_size 1024 # Fix error: `Too many packets buffered for output stream 0:1`

Common filters:

  • scale
  • overlay
  • crop
  • trim
  • rotate

Conver flv video to mp4:

ffmpeg -i input.flv -y -codec copy output.mp4

Change bitrate, frame rate, resolution

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -b 4000k -r 30 –s 1280*720 -y output.mp4

Cut video:

ffmpeg -ss 00:07:00 -i input.mp4 -to 00:08:00 -c copy output.mp4
# Read more: https://trac.ffmpeg.org/wiki/Seeking

Add logo image:

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -i logo.png -filter_complex overlay output.mp4 # top-left corner
ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -i logo.png -filter_complex overlay=W-w output.mp4 # top-right corner
# overlay=0:H-h # left bottom corner
# overlay=W-w:H-h # right bottom corner

Delay video/audio stream:

# make video delayed
ffmpeg.exe -i "input.mp4" -itsoffset 1.5 -i "input.mp4" -map 1:v -map 0:a -c copy "make-video-delayed.mp4"

# make audio delayed
ffmpeg -i "input.mp4" -itsoffset 1.5 -i "input.mp4" -map 0:v -map 1:a -c copy "make-audio-delayed.mp4"

Use gl-transitions in ffmpeg (Mac OS):

brew install glew glfw
brew install yasm
git clone http://source.ffmpeg.org/git/ffmpeg.git
git clone [email protected]:gl-transitions/gl-transitions.git
git clone [email protected]:transitive-bullshit/ffmpeg-gl-transition.git
cd ffmpeg
cp ../ffmpeg-gl-transition/vf_gltransition.c libavfilter/
git apply ../ffmpeg-gl-transition/ffmpeg.diff

./configure --enable-libx264 --enable-gpl --enable-opengl \
            --enable-filter=gltransition --extra-libs='-lGLEW -lglfw'

# check gltransition available
./ffmpeg -v 0 -filters | grep gltransition

Get video duration:

ffprobe -v error -show_entries format=duration -of default=noprint_wrappers=1:nokey=1 input.mp4